New York wineries produce about 200 million bottles of wine every year, making it the nation's third-largest wine producer behind California and Washington. And while producers in the Finger Lakes and Hudson Valley regions have longer winemaking histories, it's the wines of Long Island that many feel hold the most promise.
Long Island is relative newcomer as a wine region with the first commercial vines planted in 1973. New winemakers are popping up almost every year and the few long-standing wineries are starting to hit their strides. The region's well-drained soil and climate tempered by Long Island Sound, Peconic Bay, and the Atlantic
Ocean, it is ideal for growing vinifera grapes and making refined, balanced wines.
Bordeaux serves as a reference point for the grape varietals, particularly for the reds with cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc and particularly merlot in abundance. There is a movement afoot to really focus on merlot and position Long Island as "merlot country" much the same way that Oregon used to push pinot noir. Many wineries have already invested heavily in the vines, which may explain why they're keen on it - or maybe it is just an act of defiance against the popular movie "Sideways" (where the lead character humorously trashed merlot).
On the white side of wine, chardonnay is the most planted variety and it's made in a variety of styles, as well as used for blending. But, there's also some increasingly good sauvignon blanc being made too. The style is generally less tropical than California versions, but less aggressively herbal and grassy than New Zealand bottling. They can be thought of as the best of CA and NZ together with hints of Graves minerality and definitely thirst-quenchingly drinkable. There's also riesling, pinot noir, some syrah, malbec, petit verdot, and (on the South Fork) some other diverse varieties that we'll explore in a future story.
is a great time to visit. Not only have the summer crowds subsided but the harvest
enters full swing—grapes as well as pumpkins. The scene is very picturesque and winery tasting rooms are filled with the enticing aroma of just-picked grapes as they are pressed and then fermented.
Long Island wine country is divided into three unofficial wine trails—The Hamptons on the South Fork and Route 25 and Route 48 on the North Fork. To help you get the most out of your foray into Long Island wine country this is the first of a three-part series, with each focusing on one of Long Island's wine trails.
This week, we begin with the northernmost trail, Route 48. Known locally as the North Road, Route 48 is sometimes the forgotten wine trail. While Route 25 (just a block south) runs right through the North Fork's many quaint villages, and right by some of Long Island's most revered, not to mention well-marketed, producers, Route 48 a decidedly different flavor than the other two trails, with its bucolic, rural feel.
These are the wineries that make Route 48 worth visiting:
- Owned by Richard and Soraya Pisacano, Roanoke Vineyards
is one of the Island's newer producers. Rich is the vineyard manager at Wolffer Estate Vineyards
(on the South Fork) and has been working with vines since high school. The wines are made at Wolffer by winemaker Roman Roth
and you can also sample Wolffer Estate
bottlings without battling Hamptons traffic.
• Must-taste Wines: Roanoke Vineyards 2003 Blend One, Roanoke Vineyards 2005 Chardonnay, Wolffer Estate 2004 Late Harvest Chardonnay
Macari Vineyards & Winery
- Stop at Macari
to enjoy your picnic lunch on their beautiful deck, which offers some of the East End's best vineyard views. The wines are made by Austrian Helmut Gangl and Paola Valverde a native of Chile. It's also a favorite spot for wedding receptions or other affairs.
• Must-taste Wines: Macari Vineyards Block E 2003 Ice Wine, Macari Vineyards 2002 Merlot, Macari Vineyards 2005 Sauvignon Blanc
Lieb Family Cellars
- Russell Hearn produces Lieb Family Cellars'
wines at The Premium Wine Group, a custom-crush facility located in Mattituck, NY, that he is part owner of. Their small tasting room is located in a building adjoining the winemaking facility. Lieb is well-known for making some of the best pinot blanc this side of Alsace.
• Must-taste Wines: Lieb Cellars 2002 Blanc de Blanc (sparkling pinot blanc), Lieb Cellars 2004 Pinot Blanc, Bridge Lane Chardonnay (their 2nd-label)
Shinn Estate Vineyards
- Shinn Estate Vineyards
is owned by David Page and Barabara Shinn, who also own the cozy Home restaurant in Manhattan's West Village, where David is executive chef. Technically it's on Oregon Road a block north of Route 48, but go on a weekend take you on a tour of their vines and learn about sustainable grape farming and the organic and biodynamic techniques they employ in the vineyard.
• Must-taste Wines: Shinn Estate Merlot Vineyards 2003, Shinn Estate Vineyards 2004 Wild Board Doe, Shinn Estate Vineyards Red
Sherwood House Vineyards
- Owned and operated by Charles and Barbara Smithen, Sherwood House Vineyards
is an expression of the Smithen's intense passion for both wine and the East End. They opened a tiny tasting room smack dab in the middle of their vineyard (off of Oregon Road) last fall and have expanded their portfolio in recent months. The wines are made by Martin Gilles of Martha Clara Vineyards
• Must-taste wines: Sherwood House Vineyards 2002 Chardonnay, Sherwood House Vineyards 2001 Merlot
Castello di Borghese
- Formerly Hargrave Vineyards (Long Island's first), Castello di Borghese
was purchased by Marco and Ann Marie Borghese in 1999. Since then, they've expanded the vineyard and hired Stan Schumacher as winemaker. With vines that date back over thirty years, CdB offers wines that are as close to "old vines" as one can find on Long Island. This is truly the birthplace of the Long Island wine industry.
• Must-taste Wines: Castello di Borghese 2004 Allegra Dessert Wine, Castello di Borghese 2002 Reserve Pinot Noir
Waters Crest Winery
- One of the area's smallest producers, home winemaker turned professional winemaker and winery owner Jim Waters'
wines are far from minuscule. Charming and engaging, you're virtually guaranteed to meet Jim and his wife Linda in the tasting room where they pour wines and share their story. They'll even take you in the back and show you their whole operation, from crusher to stacks of French oak barrels.
• Must-taste Wines: Waters Crest Winery 2003 Cabernet Franc, Waters Crest Winery 2005 Reserve Chardonnay, Waters Crest Winery 2005 Gewurztraminer
In a couple of weeks, we'll take a look at the wineries, and wines, of Route 25. In the meantime, get out there and taste what's great on Route 48.